Job safety analysis(JSA) also referred to as job hazard analysis is the process that involves analyzing a given job in order to identify the risks involved and establish how to control them. According to job safety analysis, every step in any job is exposed to certain dangers that must be identified and their various measures recommended as well. In order to avoid problems brought about by various hazards in the place of work, it is important to identify the possible dangers.
The writing of a job safety analysis involves a series of steps which should be followed to guarantee an effective job hazard analysis. The steps involved in the job should first be identified. This helps you to clearly understand what the job is all about. In order to make the job hazard analysis easy to understand, one should avoid making the steps too detailed. Identifying hazards that every step is associated with is the second step. Identify all potential hazards that each specific step of the job is likely to encounter.
These hazards could be due to the people themselves, the environment or the materials they used when working. Some other factors may also be considered to identify these potential dangers. They include, instructions from equipment manufacturer’s, legislation requirements and how past injuries occurred. The third steps involves determining the controls for every type of hazard identified. Controls are important because they help to either minimize the risk of injury or to completely deal away with the dangers.
It is possible to develop a good job hazard analysis by following the first three steps. The fourth step involves sharing your analysis with your workers. Let your workers understand every detail in the job safety analysis and review it with them. The workers are able to identify what is required of them from this process. In this process the workers can also feel free to raise their concerns. For effectiveness of the JSA, it is important for this step to be followed.
Changes may be made to the JSA due to changes in the working conditions around the workplace and this should be discussed with the workers as well.
It is only a competent person who should conduct the analysis for you. Competent analysts have a deep knowledge about different types of hazards and what measures to put in place to avoid them. In order to avoid unnecessary costs that may be caused by damages caused by these hazards, it is important to always have a good JSA. A JSA will also help guarantee your workers that they are safe and they will therefore work comfortably and increase the general output of the organization.
In order to conduct an effective JSA, every organization should consider following the steps explained.